Blackberries are a Aggregate fruit composed of small drupelets.
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[haccordion title="Botany"]A drupe is fruit which contains an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) which surrounds a shell known as the pit, a stone or pyrene of hardened endocarp with a seed inside.
The definitive characteristic of a drupe is that the hard, lignified stone derived from the ovary wall of the flower.
In an aggregate fruit composed of small, individual drupes, each individual is termed a drupelet.[/haccordion]
[haccordion title="Aggregate Fruit"]Aggregate fruits form from single flowers that have multiple carpels which are not joined together, i.e. each pistil contains one carpel. Each pistil forms a fruitlet, and collectively the fruitlets are called an etaerio. Four types of aggregate fruits include etaerios of achenes, follicles, drupelets, and berries… ( Source: Wikipedia – fruit )
[haccordion title="Fruits are Essential"]Fruits are an essential part of our daily diets.
Fruits are naturally low in fat, sodium, and calories. Sources of many nutrients including:
- Potassium, dietary fiber, vitamin C and folic acid.
- Phytonutrients in fruits have been shown to natural detoxifying enzymes in the body and
- lower the risk of atherosclerosis and cancer.
- Fruit consumption in US is less than half of the daily recommended level.
- Recommended consumption is 1 cup/1000 Calories or 2-2.5 cups (400-500g) per day.
- Higher fruit consumption would improve nutrition and
- lower the risk of premature degenerative diseases.
Some fruits have laxative effect, and prevent urinary tract infections or kidney stone formation.
Laboratory-based evidence was provided for potential health effects against:
- Aging and Neurological diseases
- Bacterial infections
- Fibrocystic disease
Plants rich in anthocyanins are Vaccinium species, such as blueberry, cranberry, and bilberry, Rubus berries including black raspberry, red raspberry, and blackberry, blackcurrant, cherry, eggplant peel, black rice, Concord grape, muscadine grape, red cabbage, and violet petals.
Anthocyanins are less abundant in banana, asparagus, pea, fennel, pear, and potato, and may be totally absent in certain cultivars of green gooseberries.
- Anthocyanins also act as powerful antioxidants.
Anthocyanins have been shown to act as a “sunscreen”, protecting cells from high-light damage by absorbing blue-green and UV light, thereby protecting the tissues from photoinhibition, or high-light stress.
Source: Wikipedia Anthocyanin